We’ve worked with our health and social care lecturers to produce this infographic on the coronavirus. The more information you know about the virus, the more prepared you can be if the situation worsens.

The New Coronavirus – Symptoms, Transmission, Prevention and Facts

Coronavirus infographic

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Text content for the infographic can be found below.

The coronavirus is a new virus that appears to have originated in the Wuhan district of China. Symptoms may include a dry cough, fever and breathing problems, and can lead to viral pneumonia. The virus can be transmitted from person to person through contact with bodily fluids from those infected. There is currently no vaccine for the new coronavirus.

Below, we outline some of the major details you should know about the coronavirus. 

The coronavirus has two official names: COVID-19 (the disease), and SARS-CoV-2 (the virus) – similarly, measles (the disease) is caused by rubeola (the virus).

Symptoms

  1. Fever
  2. Tiredness
  3. Sore Throat
  4. Cough
  5. Breathing Difficulties
  • One study suggested that 81% of people who are infected with the coronavirus have mild symptoms (akin to a common cold)
  • Unfortunately, many of those infected will not self-quarantine if presenting mild symptoms, which could result in a greater spread of the disease

Transmission

  • Bats appear to be the most likely origin point of COVID-19 (aka coronavirus)
  • A person infected with coronavirus will infect, on average, 2.2 others (flu, by comparison, has a reproduction number of 1.3)

Impact

  • The likelihood of death increases significantly if the infected has diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular problems, and/or pulmonary problems
  • Those aged 60+ account for the vast majority of reported deaths caused by the coronavirus
  • Officially, around 90,000 have been infected with coronavirus, compared with 8,098 for  SARS, and 2,494 for MERS, and 28,000+ for EBOLA (between 2014-2016)
  • The mortality rate for coronavirus appears significantly lower than SARS, MERS and EBOLA:  COVID-19: 1-2%; SARS: 10%; MERS: 34%; EBOLA: 50%+
  • Measuring the true mortality rate is difficult as most infected with mild cases do not visit the doctor and thus go unreported

Prevention

Prevention is the quickest and easiest way of stopping the coronavirus from spreading. Below are some basic guidelines you can follow:
  • Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly
  • Try and maintain a 1-3 metre distance with anyone coughing or sneezing
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes, and throw away used tissues
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
  • If you present with any coronavirus symptoms, stay at home and call 111 (England) or visit 111.nhs.uk/ and follow the professional advice offered

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